[Html] CSS3 100vh not constant in mobile browser

I have a very odd issue… in every browser and mobile version I encountered this behavior:

  • all the browsers have a top menu when you load the page (showing the address bar for example) which slide up when you start scrolling the page.
  • 100vh sometimes is calculated only on the visible part of a viewport, so when the browser bar slide up 100vh increases (in terms of pixels)
  • all layout re-paint and re-adjust since the dimensions have changed
  • a bad jumpy effect for user experience

How can avoid this problem? When I first heard of viewport-height I was excited and I thought I could use it for fixed height blocks instead of using javascript, but now I think the only way to do that is in fact javascript with some resize event…

you can see the problem at: sample site

Can anyone help me with / suggest a CSS solution?

simple test code:

/* maybe i can track the issue whe it occours... */
  var resized = -1;
    $('#currenth').val( $('.vhbox').eq(1).height() );
    if (++resized) $('#currenth').css('background:#00c');
*{ margin:0; padding:0; }

  this is the box which should keep constant the height...
  min-height to allow content to be taller than viewport if too much text

.vhbox .t{

.vhbox .c{
<div class="vhbox" style="background-color:#c00">
  <div class="t"><div class="c">
  this div height should be 100% of viewport and keep this height when scrolling page
    <!-- this input highlight if resize event is fired -->
    <input type="text" id="currenth">

<div class="vhbox" style="background-color:#0c0">
  <div class="t"><div class="c">
  this div height should be 100% of viewport and keep this height when scrolling page

<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.11.1/jquery.min.js"></script>

Solution 1

Unfortunately this is intentional…

This is a well know issue (at least in safari mobile), which is intentional, as it prevents other problems. Benjamin Poulain replied to a webkit bug:

This is completely intentional. It took quite a bit of work on our part to achieve this effect. 🙂 The base problem is this: the visible area changes dynamically as you scroll. If we update the CSS viewport height accordingly, we need to update the layout during the scroll. Not only that looks like shit, but doing that at 60 FPS is practically impossible in most pages (60 FPS is the baseline framerate on iOS). It is hard to show you the “looks like shit” part, but imagine as you scroll, the contents moves and what you want on screen is continuously shifting. Dynamically updating the height was not working, we had a few choices: drop viewport units on iOS, match the document size like before iOS 8, use the small view size, use the large view size. From the data we had, using the larger view size was the best compromise. Most website using viewport units were looking great most of the time.

Nicolas Hoizey has researched this quite a bit: https://nicolas-hoizey.com/2015/02/viewport-height-is-taller-than-the-visible-part-of-the-document-in-some-mobile-browsers.html

No fix planned

At this point, there is not much you can do except refrain from using viewport height on mobile devices. Chrome changed to this as well in 2016:

  • https://groups.google.com/a/chromium.org/forum/#!topic/blink-dev/BK0oHURgmJ4
  • https://developers.google.com/web/updates/2016/12/url-bar-resizing

Solution 2

You can try min-height: -webkit-fill-available; in your css instead of 100vh. It should be solved

Solution 3

in my app I do it like so (typescript and nested postcss, so change the code accordingly):

const appHeight = () => {
    const doc = document.documentElement
    doc.style.setProperty('--app-height', `${window.innerHeight}px`)
window.addEventListener('resize', appHeight)

in your css:

:root {
    --app-height: 100%;

body {
    padding: 0;
    margin: 0;
    overflow: hidden;
    width: 100vw;
    height: 100vh;

    @media not all and (hover:hover) {
        height: var(--app-height);

it works at least on chrome mobile and ipad. What doesn’t work is when you add your app to homescreen on iOS and change the orientation a few times – somehow the zoom levels mess with the innerHeight value, I might post an update if I find a solution to it.


Solution 4

We have new viewport units lvh, svh and dvh to the rescue. This was demonstrated in the latest Google I/O 2022 video on web works.

You would probably want to stick with dvh for the browser to adapt to the mobile device’s hidden tabs while scrolling. It works the similar way for width with dvw, lvw and svw units.

Here is a neat illustration from the video: https://youtu.be/Xy9ZXRRgpLk?t=982

Google I/O 2022 on new viewport units

Can I use?

This was currently working on my Chrome canary with the flag “Experimental features” enabled.

Solution 5

For me such trick made a job:

height: calc(100vh - calc(100vh - 100%))

Solution 6

Look at this answer: https://css-tricks.com/the-trick-to-viewport-units-on-mobile/

// First we get the viewport height and we multiple it by 1% to get a value for a vh unit
let vh = window.innerHeight * 0.01;
// Then we set the value in the --vh custom property to the root of the document
document.documentElement.style.setProperty('--vh', `${vh}px`);

// We listen to the resize event
window.addEventListener('resize', () => {
  // We execute the same script as before
  let vh = window.innerHeight * 0.01;
  document.documentElement.style.setProperty('--vh', `${vh}px`);
body {
  background-color: #333;

.module {
  height: 100vh; /* Use vh as a fallback for browsers that do not support Custom Properties */
  height: calc(var(--vh, 1vh) * 100);
  margin: 0 auto;
  max-width: 30%;

.module__item {
  align-items: center;
  display: flex;
  height: 20%;
  justify-content: center;

.module__item:nth-child(odd) {
  background-color: #fff;
  color: #F73859;

.module__item:nth-child(even) {
  background-color: #F73859;
  color: #F1D08A;
<div class="module">
  <div class="module__item">20%</div>
  <div class="module__item">40%</div>
  <div class="module__item">60%</div>
  <div class="module__item">80%</div>
  <div class="module__item">100%</div>

Solution 7

Set your body position to fixed, set the height to 100%

body { position: fixed; height: 100% }

That’s it, then the mobile browser will understand what you want.

Now the body will grow or shrink following the browser’s view height, no matter if there is a URL bar or not, or if there are tabs (like in mobile safari) or not. The body will always get full view.

Solution 8

You can do this by adding following script and style

function appHeight() {
  const doc = document.documentElement
  doc.style.setProperty('--vh', (window.innerHeight*.01) + 'px');

window.addEventListener('resize', appHeight);


.module {
  height: 100vh; /* Fallback for browsers that do not support Custom Properties */
  height: calc(var(--vh, 1vh) * 100);

Solution 9

For many of the sites I build the client will ask for a 100vh banner and just as you have found, it results in a bad “jumpy” experience on mobile when you begin to scroll. This is how I solve the problem for a smooth consistent experience across all devices:

I first set my banner element CSS to height:100vh

Then I use jQuery to get the height in pixels of my banner element and apply an inline style using this height.

var viewportHeight = $('.banner').outerHeight();
$('.banner').css({ height: viewportHeight });

Doing this solves the issue on mobile devices as when the page loads, the banner element is set to 100vh using CSS and then jQuery overrides this by putting inline CSS on my banner element which stops it from resizing when a user begins to scroll.

However, on desktop if a user resizes their browser window my banner element won’t resize because it now has a fixed height set in pixels due to the above jQuery. To address this I use Mobile Detect to add a ‘mobile’ class to the body of my document. And then I wrap the above jQuery in an if statement:

if ($('body').hasClass('mobile')) {
  var viewportHeight = $('.banner').outerHeight();
  $('.banner').css({ height: viewportHeight });

As a result, if a user is on a mobile device the class ‘mobile’ is present on the body of my page and the above jQuery is executed. So my banner element will only get the inline CSS applied on mobile devices meanwhile on desktop the original 100vh CSS rule remains in place.

Solution 10

I came up with a React component – check it out if you use React or browse the source code if you don’t, so you can adapt it to your environment.

It sets the fullscreen div‘s height to window.innerHeight and then updates it on window resizes.

Solution 11

As I was looking for a solution some days, here is mine for everyone using VueJS with Vuetify (my solution uses v-app-bar, v-navigation-drawer and v-footer): I created App.scss (used in App.vue) with the following content:

.v-application {
    height: 100vh;
    height: -webkit-fill-available;

.v-application--wrap {
    min-height: 100vh !important;
    min-height: -webkit-fill-available !important;

Solution 12

You can try giving position: fixed; top: 0; bottom: 0; properties to your container.

Solution 13

The the problem still remains to this date, unfortunately. And the biggest misleading it’s impossible to represent the situation by using browser’s devices toolbar.

I’ve just solved the issue like so (tested on PC, iOS and android browsers):

.your_class {
   height: 100vh,
   max-height: 100%, // <-- add the line
   ...some other props,

I hope it’ll save your time.

Solution 14

@nils explained it clearly.

What’s next then?

I just went back to use relative ‘classic’ % (percentage) in CSS.

It’s often more effort to implement something than it would be using vh, but at least, you have a pretty stable solution which works across different devices and browsers without strange UI glitches.

Solution 15

The following code solved the problem (with jQuery).

var vhHeight = $("body").height();
var chromeNavbarHeight = vhHeight - window.innerHeight;
$('body').css({ height: window.innerHeight, marginTop: chromeNavbarHeight });

And the other elements use % as a unit to replace vh.

Solution 16

I have created two examples below:

  1. To showcase how height: 100vh as height can lead to scroll in mobile chrome browsers:

code : https://codesandbox.io/embed/mobile-viewport-100vh-issue-nxx8z?fontsize=14&hidenavigation=1&theme=dark

demo: https://nxx8z.csb.app/

  1. Solution using position: fixed to resolve the issue and with purely CSS:

code : https://codesandbox.io/s/mobile-viewport-100vh-issue-fix-forked-ypx5x?file=/index.html

demo : https://ypx5x.csb.app/

Solution 17

As I am new, I can’t comment on other answers.

If someone is looking for an answer to make this work (and can use javascript – as it seems to be required to make this work at the moment) this approach has worked pretty well for me and it accounts for mobile orientation change as well. I use Jquery for the example code but should be doable with vanillaJS.

-First, I use a script to detect if the device is touch or hover. Bare-bones example:

if ("ontouchstart" in document.documentElement) {

} else {

This adds class to the body element according to the device type (hover or touch) that can be used later for the height script.

-Next use this code to set height of the device on load and on orientation change:

if (jQuery('body').hasClass("touch-device")) {
//Loading height on touch-device
    function calcFullHeight() {
        jQuery('.hero-section').css("height", $(window).height());

    (function($) {

        jQuery(window).on('orientationchange', function() {
            // 500ms timeout for getting the correct height after orientation change
            setTimeout(function() {
            }, 500);


} else {
    jQuery('.hero-section').css("height", "100vh");


-Timeout is set so that the device would calculate the new height correctly on orientation change. If there is no timeout, in my experience the height will not be correct. 500ms might be an overdo but has worked for me.

-100vh on hover-devices is a fallback if the browser overrides the CSS 100vh.

Solution 18

I just found a web app i designed has this issue with iPhones and iPads, and found an article suggesting to solve it using media queries targeted at specific Apple devices.

I don’t know whether I can share the code from that article here, but the address is this: http://webdesignerwall.com/tutorials/css-fix-for-ios-vh-unit-bug

Quoting the article: “just match the element height with the device height using media queries that targets the older versions of iPhone and iPad resolution.”

They added just 6 media queries to adapt full height elements, and it should work as it is fully CSS implemented.

Edit pending: I’m unable to test it right now, but I will come back and report my results.

Solution 19

Do not use recommended approaches such as -webkit-fill-available.
I just spent all day rushing around to fix this “bug”.

Add a class when your app is loaded with a browser with a “chin”.


// Angular example but applicable for any JS solution
@HostBinding('class.browser-has-chin') browserHasChin: boolean = false;

public ngOnInit(): void {
    this.browserHasChin = this._isMobileSafari();

private _isMobileSafari() {
    return navigator.userAgent.match(/(iPod|iPhone|iPad)/) && navigator.userAgent.match(/AppleWebKit/) ? true : false;


.browser-has-chin {
  @media screen and (max-device-width: 767px){
    // offset with padding or something

There are major issues with the -webkit-fill-available prop for cross-browser compatibility.

I was able to get it working in Chrome and iOS Safari to fix the chin/height calculation issue. However it broke Android Chrome and Firefox had bugs with it too.

It seems that -webkit-fill-available was rushed into webkit at some point and perhaps adopted haphazardly by Apple as a fix for chin/height calculation?

It relies on intrinsic sizing which is NOT safe to use yet.

Solution 20

The VH 100 does not work well on mobile as it does not factor in the iOS bar (or similar functionality on other platforms).

One solution that works well is to use JavaScript “window.innerHeight”.

Simply assign the height of the element to this value e.g. $(‘.element-name’).height(window.innerHeight);

Note: It may be useful to create a function in JS, so that the height can change when the screen is resized. However, I would suggest only calling the function when the width of the screen is changed, this way the element will not jump in height when the iOS bar disappears when the user scrolls down the page.

Solution 21

React hooks solution with useEffect and useState

    function App() {
      const [vh, setVh] = useState(window.innerHeight);
      useEffect(() => {
        const updateVh = () => {
        window.addEventListener('resize', updateVh);
        return () => window.removeEventListener('resize', updateVh);
      }, []);
      return (
        <div style={{ height: vh }}>
          {vh} px

Demo: https://jsfiddle.net/poooow/k570nfd9/

Solution 22

Because it won’t be fixed, you can do something like:

# html
  <div class="content">
    <!-- Your stuff here -->

# css
.content {
  height: 80vh;

For me it was the fastest and more pure solution than playing with the JavaScript which could not work on many devices and browsers.

Just use proper value of vh which fits your needs.

Solution 23

The following worked for me:

html { height: 100vh; }

body {
  top: 0;
  left: 0;
  right: 0;
  bottom: 0;
  width: 100vw;

/* this is the container you want to take the visible viewport  */
/* make sure this is top-level in body */
#your-app-container {
  height: 100%;

The body will take the visible viewport height and #your-app-container with height: 100% will make that container take the visible viewport height.

Solution 24

Using vh on mobile devices is not going to work with 100vh, due to their design choices using the entire height of the device not including any address bars etc.

If you are looking for a layout including div heights proportionate to the true view height I use the following pure css solution:

:root {
  --devHeight: 86vh; //*This value changes

    height: calc(var(--devHeight)*0.10); //change multiplier to suit required height

You have two options for setting the viewport height, manually set the –devHeight to a height that works (but you will need to enter this value for each type of device you are coding for)


Use javascript to get the window height and then update –devheight on loading and refreshing the viewport (however this does require using javascript and is not a pure css solution)

Once you obtain your correct view height you can create multiple divs at an exact percentage of total viewport height by simply changing the multiplier in each div you assign the height to.

0.10 = 10% of view height 0.57 = 57% of view height

Hope this might help someone 😉

Solution 25

Here’s a work around I used for my React app.

iPhone 11 Pro & iPhone Pro Max – 120px

iPhone 8 – 80px

max-height: calc(100vh - 120px);

It’s a compromise but relatively simple fix

Solution 26

A nice read about the problem and its possible solutions can be found in this blog post: Addressing the iOS Address Bar in 100vh Layouts

The solution I ended up in my React application is utilising the react-div-100vh library described in the post above.

Solution 27

Brave browser on iOS behaves differently (buggy?). It changes viewport height dynamically accordingly to showing/hiding address bar. It is kind of annoying because it changes page’s layout dependent on vw/vh units.

Chrome and Safari is fine.

Solution 28

I solved it by putting the most outer div at position: absolute and then just setting the height to 100%:


.outer {
    position: absolute;
    height: 100%;


<div class="outer">
    <!-- content -->

Solution 29

It seems like CSS fix is unreliable and JS one works fine but the element is jumping when user opens the page.

I solved the issue using JS from other answers + fadeIn animation to hide jumping.

This won’t fit all the use cases, but for some of them, like a button that has to be at the bottom, could be a good solution.

Solution 30

The people who found this answer and are struggling with an issue of wiered jumping of elements on mobile view when scrolling downward/upward whose position is fixed w.r.t the root element need to specify the property in terms of bottom rather than top and should give a field value in px. This solves the issue

change this:

position: fixed;
top: 90vh;
left: 90vh;
transform: translate(-95%, -95%);


to this:

    position: fixed;
   bottom: 90px; /* this is the change */
    left: 90vh;
    transform: translate(-95%, -95%);


Scroll to Top